Beginners Lesson 10

This lesson deals with the very basics of scales which you need while soloing. Remember there is just the basics of scales. There is another lesson which deals with these in more depth.(Intermediate section) But that was for later when you get some grip on your guitar.


Lets start with-
what is a guitar scale?
A scale is, simply put, a sequence of notes.The spaces between each note (intervals) are what define the sound of that sequence. What if we play a sequence of notes without any gaps between them? We get the chromatic scale, which, if played out on one string, would look like this...


That's the chromatic scale played just on the G string, from the open G string to the 12th fret G octave. That's 12 notes, because the open G and 12th fret G are the same note and count as 1 note in the sequence. You could also apply the chromatic scale to any other string (e.g. open A to 12th fret A, open B to 12th fret B etc.)

When we remove certain notes from the chromatic sequence, we can create musical scales with tonal centers. Let's try removing notes from the chromatic scale above on the G string:

So again, from open G to 12th fret G we have a sequence of notes, but this time there are wider intervals between some of the notes. Try playing this on the G string, or any string. Remember to start on the open string.

That diagram above is a G scale (more on individual scales later!). It's a G scale because we started on the G note. In other words, the G note is note number 1 in the scale, also known as the root note. The root note defines the tonal center (key) of the scale. As time goes on, you'll learn how significant this is.

When playing a scale, you won't necessarily always start on the root note, but just knowing where the root note is in the scale is the important thing.

So that's ultimately what scales are! Of course, scales are most often played across more than one string. For example, the G scale above can be condensed to play across more than one string within the space of just 4 frets:

So again, the root notes lie on G, and it's exactly the same scale as above, just on a lower register (deeper sounding) and across 3 strings rather than 1. We can also continue that scale from the higher root note on the D string, and cover the remaining 3 strings for the higher register of the same scale.

We could also apply the scale in relation to an A or D string root note, which would change how the pattern looks (more on this in the scales lessons).

If we filled in the gaps between those notes, we'd get the chromatic scale again!

This type of scale that spans just 4 or 5 frets is known as a boxed scale pattern. Boxed scales are a good place to start.

Now as you know what scale is; as a beginner you should learn at least c major scale so that you can use it while playing your favorite song. Obviously not all songs are made of just the c major scale but for beginners and for who just want to play for fun, the practice of c major scale will help them playing basic licks. Remember there is a another lesson on scales. for now start with c major scale...

The C major scale is also called the scale of natural notes. The notes sequence of c major scale is-

C D E F G A B and again C
Billow are images provided for c major scale.


As shown in image above start with 'C' note on 'A' string. And then go along it.

In the next image You start with 'C' note('B' string 1st fret). Now the 'E' note you play on 'E' string open(without fretting it or without any finger on it) marked with a circle on 'E' note; and then go along with it.

For now it's enough on scales. you should practice it daily. when you found yourself comfortable with it; move to next lesson. See you soon there...